There are several debriefing techniques that can be used, including group discussions, one-on-one interviews, and written reflections. Regardless of the technique used, it is important to create a safe and non-judgmental environment that encourages participants to share their thoughts and feelings openly and honestly.
In summary, debriefing is an important part of any training program, as it helps to reinforce learning, build community and collaboration, and identify areas where additional support or resources may be needed.
- What do you know now that you didn’t know before?
- What attitudes and feelings do you have about the experience that you didn’t have before?
- Are you aware of any other changes that occurred in knowledge, skills, attitudes, or feelings as a direct result of this experience? If so, explain.
- How did you actually learn what is most important to you?
To ask to evaluate the group may include:
- What part of this project was most valuable for you?
- How has this group been helpful to you?
- How have you contributed to this group?
- What are some things that would have made the group experience better for you?
Now What? The ‘so what’ questions should flow smoothly into the ‘now what’ questions. These questions should take what was learned from the experience and apply that to future projects or interactions. Questions to ask may include:
- What do you think you will remember or retain in other ways after the experience?
- Can you explain why this might be so?
- What will you probably verbally share with or demonstrate to others in the future?
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Here are some resources with ideas for debriefing training programs:
- “The Importance of Debriefing in Training” by Chron: This article provides an overview of debriefing and its importance, as well as some tips for how to conduct a successful debriefing session. https://smallbusiness.chron.com/importance-debriefing-training-75417.html
- “10 Tips for Effective Debriefing in Training and Development” by Training Industry: This article provides 10 tips for making debriefing sessions more effective, including tips for creating a safe and open environment, using appropriate language, and encouraging participant engagement. https://trainingindustry.com/articles/strategy-alignment-and-planning/10-tips-for-effective-debriefing-in-training-and-development/
- “The Art of Debriefing: Tips, Techniques and Tools” by Mind Tools: This article provides a comprehensive overview of debriefing, including its purpose, advantages, and techniques for conducting a successful debriefing session. It also includes some tools and templates for conducting debriefing sessions. https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/debriefing.htm